The Royal Decree No. 48/2012 was issued to establish the Education Council as a successor to the Higher Education Council, which was established by the Royal Decree No. 65/1998. The establishment of the Education Council comes in accordance with the wise vision of the government regarding raising the standards of all forms, levels and outcomes of education in the Sultanate of Oman to improve its quality in a way that corresponds with the general policy of the State, development plans and the needs of the labor market.

It is planned that the establishment of the Education Council that the Council shall include all sectors, levels and forms of education to operate as one integrated system supervised over by the Council in its new formation as an overall umbrella for education. The function of the Council shall not be restricted to legislative aspects and setting educational policies of education, but it shall also follow up the performance of educational institutions and take appropriate decisions in this respect.